Thu. Jul 11th, 2024
Porcelain Tile vs. Ceramic Tile [Comparison Guide]

Generally, consumers know that porcelain and ceramic tiles are nearly identical. In fact, they are at best aware—there is a little difference in the two tiles category. Just knowing that much is not enough for everyone.

Since you are here, you are one of the consumers who want to know about porcelain tile vs. ceramic tile and the differences.

Porcelain Tile vs. Ceramic Tile: Know the Difference

Let’s look at the differences based on five factors.

Making process

The main difference between these two tile categories is the water absorption level. However, it is hard to identify the level of water absorption.

Learn about the making process of these types of particular tiles below.

Porcelain tiles

These tiles have a rate of 0.5 percent of water absorption or lower. Manufacturers like DBL Ceramics Limited test the absorption level by weighing the fired tiles. Then boil it for a specific amount of time. After that, the tiles get weighed again. Now, if the tiles weigh less than half of 1% more, they will be labeled as porcelain.

To create this density, manufacturers use a kaolin clay mixture because this sort of clay is finer and better than ceramic clay. What is more, porcelain tiles are fired at a temperature from 2,200 to 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit.

Ceramic tiles

These tiles have more than 0.5% of water absorption level. The making is the same as the porcelain tiles. But after you are done with the process, if the tiles weigh more, they will be considered ceramic tiles.

To make these tiles, you mainly need to use coarser clay and a small amount of kaolin clay. Porcelain tiles need a few more additives. But ceramic tiles don’t require those.

In addition, ceramic tiles are fired up to 1650 degrees Farhenite. As a result, they are of lesser density than porcelain tile. So, they are more porous. Interestingly, these differences don’t matter much if you glaze them. However, ceramic tiles are not as resistant to water as porcelain tiles.

Appearances

Both ceramic tile and porcelain are frequently produced with a glazed coating. And they may appear identical at first glance.

Here is how to detect the differences.

Porcelain tiles

Porcelain tiles can mimic natural elements. Such as wood grains and marbles. In fact, it’s the new innovation for porcelain tiles. This is one of the reasons people pick porcelain tiles instead of ceramic tiles.

Ceramic tiles

Generally, these sorts of tiles will have a solid color. That means—one color only. However, this is true for basic ceramic tiles. Sometimes high-end ceramic tiles might have more colors and patterns.

Heat resistance

Apparently, both porcelain and ceramic tiles have decent heat resistance. That’s why you will see both two types of tiles uses for countertops.

Yet, there are a few differences.

Porcelain tiles

Since we are talking about heat, let’s consider using these tiles outdoors. Yes, they are an excellent choice for use in outdoor sites. Then again, they are best for mild climates.

Ceramic tiles

Ceramic tiles are brittle. Hence, they should be uses for indoors. In other words, they have a lower heat resistance in relation to porcelain tiles.

Cleaning

Porcelain and ceramic tiles demand the same cleaning materials.

Porcelain tiles

Cleaning porcelain tile is as simple as damp-mopping with a mild water and soap solution. To prevent stains and mold, the concrete mixture that fills the joints between tiles (grout lines) must be seals on a regular basis.

Ceramic tiles

Ceramic tile necessitates the same care and cleaning as ceramic tile, including regular damp-mopping and periodic grout joint sealing.

Durability

Porcelain tiles are stronger and more durable because they are made of a harder material with a consistent color throughout, making chips less visible.

Porcelain tiles

Porcelain tiles are more durable and resistant to moisture. They are deem more durable and particularly equippe for heavy use due to their through-body composition. Furthermore, the color never fades. As a result, the damages will be barely noticeable.

Ceramic Tile

Ceramic tiles are likely to have visible chips. Ceramic tile clays are less dense than porcelain clay. That’s why ceramic tiles are more likely to crack and break. Unglazed ceramic tiles may also require sealers to be applied to the entire tile along with grout lines.

Wrapping up

As a result, the materials used to construct both tiles are similar. They are also ideal for floor, wall, and countertop applications. Check what a specific class of tiles is rate for if you want a suitable one. For example, thicker tiles are requires for the floor. What you prefer visually is also important. Finally, you must consider where you intend to use the tiles.

Read also: Can LED Burn Your House Down When Converting to LED Lighting?

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